Calistoga is a city in Napa County, in California’s Wine Country. Take a look below for 20 awesome and incredible facts about Calistoga, California, United States.
1. During the 2010 census, the population was 5,155.
2. The city was incorporated on January 6, 1886. In 1868 the California Pacific Railroad was built to Calistoga, becoming a hub and destination.
3. The name comes from a combination of California and Saratoga referring to Saratoga Springs, New York, which is famous on the east coast for its hot springs.
4. Founders of the town wanted to make Calistoga the Saratoga Springs of California drawing tourists to its hot springs.
5. The Upper Napa Valley was once the home of a significant population of Indigenous People, called the Wappo during the Spanish colonial era of the late 18th century.
6. With abundant oak trees providing acorns as a food staple and the natural hot springs as a healing ground Calistoga (Wappo: Nilektsonoma, “Chicken Hawk Place”) was the site of several villages. Following Mexican Independence, mission properties were secularized and disposed of by the Mexican government with much of the Napa Valley being partitioned into large ranchos in the 1830s and 1840s.
7. The first Anglo settlers began arriving in the 1840s, with several taking up lands in the Calistoga area.
8. Samuel Brannan was the leader of a Mormon settlement expedition on the ship Brooklyn landing in Yerba Buena (San Francisco) in 1846. He published San Francisco’s first English language newspaper, the California Star. Following the discovery of gold in Coloma, Brannan pursued many business ventures, which made him California’s first millionaire and became a leader in San Francisco’s Committee of Vigilance.
9. Fascinated by Calistoga’s natural hot springs, Brannan purchased more than 2,000 acres (8 km2) with the intent to develop a spa reminiscent of Saratoga Springs in New York. “The name of Calistoga was given to the place in the fall of 1867, by Mr. Brannan.
10. It was his boast that he was going to make the place the Saratoga of California, so he spliced the names and called it Cal (is) toga, the middle syllable for euphony.
11. The place had already been previously called Hot Springs by the few Americans, and Agua Caliente by the Spaniards and Indians.”history of napa and lake counties.
12. A writer later claimed that Brannan intended to say “I’ll make this place the Saratoga of California,” but it came out “the Calistoga of Sarifornia”.
13. His Hot Springs Resort surrounding Mt Lincoln with the Spa/Hotel located at what is now Indian Springs Resort and Brannan Cottage Inn, opened to California’s rich and famous in 1862. In 1868 Brannan’s Napa Valley Railroad Company’s track was completed to Calistoga.
14. This provided an easier travel option for ferry passengers making the journey from San Francisco. With the addition of railroad service, Calistoga became not only a destination, but also the transportation hub for the upper valley and a gateway to Lake and Sonoma Counties. A 6-meter diorama of this early Calistoga can be seen in the Sharpsteen Museum.
15. Calistoga’s economy was based on mining (silver and mercury) agriculture (grapes, prunes and walnuts) and tourism (the hot springs). One of the early visitors was Robert Louis Stevenson. Yet to write his great novels, he had just married Fanny Vandegrift in San Francisco in May 1880, and the couple honeymooned at the Calistoga Hot Springs Hotel days later.
16. Desiring to stay in the area, they moved from the hotel to an abandoned cabin at the nearby Silverado Mine on Mount Saint Helena. While working on other stories Stevenson kept a journal which became the Silverado Squatters describing many local features, residents and characters.
17. Calistoga made national headlines in 1881 when Anson Tichenor claimed that he had invented a way to extract gold from the waters of the hot springs. Tichenor’s invention was soon proved to be a fraud.
18. In 1920, Giuseppe Musante, a soda fountain and candy store owner in Calistoga, was drilling for a cold water well at the Railway Exchange when he tapped into a hot water source. In 1924 he set up a bottling line and began selling Calistoga Sparkling Mineral Water. The company became a major player in the bottled water business after Elwood Sprenger bought the small bottling plant in 1970 known today as Calistoga Water Company.
19. Calistoga was named a Distinctive Destination by the National Trust for Historic Preservation in 2001.
20. Scenes from the Disney movie Bedtime Stories starring Adam Sandler were filmed in Calistoga in June 2008.