Susan B. Anthony was an American social reformer and women’s rights activist who played a pivotal role in the women’s suffrage movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality, she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17. Take a look below for 30 more fascinating and interesting facts about Susan B. Anthony.
1. In 1856, Anthony became the New York state agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society.
2. In 1851, she met Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who became her lifelong friend and co-worker in social reform activities, primarily in the field of women’s rights.
3. In 1852, they founded the New York Women’s State Temperance Society after Anthony was prevented from speaking at a temperance conference because she was female.
4. In 1863, they founded the Women’s Loyal National League, which conducted the largest petition drive in United States history up to that time, collecting nearly 400,000 signatures in support of the abolition of slavery.
5. In 1866, they initiated the American Equal Rights Association, which campaigned for equal rights for both women and African Americans.
6. In 1868, they began publishing a women’s rights newspaper called The Revolution.
7. In 1869, they founded the National Woman Suffrage Association as part of a split in the women’s movement.
8. In 1890, the split was formally healed when their organization merged with the rival American Woman Suffrage Association to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association, with Anthony as its key force.
9. In 1876, Anthony and Stanton began working with Matilda Joslyn Gage on what eventually grew into the six-volume History of Woman Suffrage.
10. The interests of Anthony and Stanton diverged somewhat in later years, but the two remained close friends.
11. In 1872, Anthony was arrested for voting in her hometown of Rochester, New York, and convicted in a widely publicized trial.
12. Although she refused to pay the fine, the authorities declined to take further action.
13. In 1878, Anthony and Stanton arranged for Congress to be presented with an amendment giving women the right to vote. Introduced by Senator Aaron A. Sargent, it later became known colloquially as the Susan B. Anthony Amendment.
14. The Susan B. Anthony Amendment was ratified as the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920.
15. Anthony traveled extensively in support of women’s suffrage, giving as many as 75 to 100 speeches per year and working on many state campaigns.
16. She worked internationally for women’s rights, playing a key role in creating the International Council of Women, which is still active.
17. She helped to bring about the World’s Congress of Representative Women at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893.
18. When she first began campaigning for women’s rights, Anthony was harshly ridiculed and accused of trying to destroy the institution of marriage. However, public perception of her changed radically during her lifetime.
19. Her 80th birthday was celebrated in the White House at the invitation of President William McKinley.
20. She became the first woman to be depicted on U.S. coinage when he portrait appeared on the 1979 dollar coin.
21. Her father was Daniel Anthony, an abolitionist and temperance advocate. Her mother was Lucy Reed, who wasn’t herself a Quaker, but raised her children with Daniel in a less strict version of the Quaker religion.
22. Anthony was the second of seven children in her family.
23. She attended public school until she was 7 years old and the teacher refused to teach her long division. Her father then founded an educational program in her neighborhood where Anthony and her siblings and other children were taught.
24. Anthony taught at the school her father founded beginning in 1837, and various other schools in the early 1840s.
25. She joined a teachers union to fight for equal wages when she discovered that male teachers were making $10 per month and female teachers were only making $2.50 per month in wages.
26. Anthony never married, and wasn’t known to have been in any serious romantic relationship.
27. She lived in Elizabeth Cady Stanton’s home for some time and helped her married friend take care of the children.
28. After having lived for years in hotels and with friends and relatives, she finally moved in with her sister in 1891.
29. Anthony died on March 13, 1906, at the age of 86, due to heart failure and pneumonia.
30. The U.S. Post Office issued its first postage stamp honoring Susan B. Anthony in 1936.