Judaism is an Abrahamic religion that originated approximately 3,500 years ago in the Middle East dating back to the time of Abraham. Take a look below for 28 incredible and amazing facts about Judaism.
1. In traditional Jewish law, any child born to a Jewish mother is also Jewish.
2. The most important religious text of Judaism is the Torah, which contains the Jewish laws known as Halakhah.
3. There are several meanings associated with the word ‘Torah’. Firstly, it can be used to refer to the first five books of the twenty-four books of the Hebrew Bible, which is often known as the Written Torah. ‘The Torah’ can also be used to refer to the continued narrative of all twenty-four books (from the Book of Genesis through to Chronicles). Furthermore, it can be used as a way of referring to the totality of Jewish teachings, the culture and the practice.
4. Jewish followers refer to God as ‘Yahweh’.
5. In the 1100s a Jewish philosopher named Maimonides wrote the Thirteen Articles of Faith. This document summarised Jewish beliefs.
6. Followers of Judaism are known as ‘Jews’. The word Jew originated from the name given to people who were from the ancient Kingdom of Judea, which is now Israel. Over time the word Jew came to be associated with people of the Jewish faith.
7. Over time several different sects of Judaism have developed. These include Conservative Judaism, Orthodox Judaism, Hasidic Judaism and Reform Judaism.
8. Judaism teaches that there is one God.
9. People of the Jewish faith attempt to make every aspect of their lives holy in some way.
10. The Jewish place of worship is called a synagogue.
11. A Rabbi is a name given to a spiritual leader of Judaism.
12. The Torah consists of the five books of Moses (which is the Old Testament in Christianity).
13. The Jewish holidays commemorate important events in history. This includes times of the year that are regarded as important, as well as important times in people’s lives.
14. Jewish holidays include the Sabbath, Passover, the Day of Atonement, the Festival of Booths, the Jewish New Year, the Festival of Trees, Purim and the Days of Awe.
15. Although Hanukkah is an important Jewish holiday, it is not part of the Hebrew Scriptures because it celebrates an event that occurred after the Scriptures were written.
16. Hanukkah celebrates the Maccabee’s victory over the Syrian-Greek rulers of Jerusalem and the Temple’s rededication in 164 BCE.
17. There are approximately 14 million Jewish people in the world today. In the Second World War, more than 6 million Jewish people were murdered by the Nazis in an attempt to eradicate the race. It is referred to as the Holocaust.
18. In Judaism, the most important religious practice is following the 613 Commandments found under the Law of Moses.
19. There are three pilgrimage festivals in Judaism including Passover, Shavuot and Sukkot.
20. During Hanukkah (the Festival of Lights) Jewish families light eight candles over eight days. On day one they light one candle, on day two they light two candles, etc.
21. The religious symbol of Judaism is the Star of David.
22. The Star of David can be found on synagogues, Jewish tombstones and the flag of the State of Israel.
23. Jewish followers do not eat pork because it is not considered to be Kosher, and Jews only eat food that it is Kosher.
24. When a Jewish boy turns thirteen or a Jewish girl turns twelve, they celebrate their Bar Mitzvah or Bat Mitzvah (for a girl). This special occasion represents a rite of passage leading into adulthood.
25. Items of special Jewish clothing include the Kittel (a white, knee-length over-garment worn on the High Holidays) the kippah (a brimless skullcap worn on many Jewish occasions and at all times by some men) the tallit (a prayer shawl) and tzitzit (tassels on the tallit’s four corners). Finally, there are also tefillin (small square leather boxes worn during weekday morning prayers).
26. When praying, Jews turn towards the Temple Mount.
27. The Temple Mount is considered to be sacred for Jews as they believe that God has manifested there more times than any other place.
28. It is forbidden to pray on the Temple Mount due to its sacredness and Jews may only enter the place to visit on limited occasions.